Hip Replacement Surgery
A painful hip joint (typically from arthritis) is a burden that is hard to ignore or escape. Common activities that we take for granted every day can be made dreadful or even impossible. However, surgeries such as hip replacement can provide an option for relief. Hip replacement surgery can be performed traditionally, or in a minimally-invasive way (producing smaller scars).
During the procedure, the patient is anesthetized and then incisions are made in the sides of the hip. The surgeon will remove the ball portion of the hip and place an artificial replacement, then prepare the surface of the hipbone by removing any damaged cartilage and attaching a replacement socket. If needed, a drain is installed to deal with any excess fluid, and the incision is closed.
Recovery for a hip replacement surgery usually involves a four to six day stay in the hospital, and physical therapy for weeks following the procedure. Some physical limitations should also be avoided for several months, including not twisting or pivoting on the involved leg(s). Patients should also avoid falling, staircases, low seating and straight-backed chairs. Other specific instructions will be provided by the surgeon and/or physical therapist.
Knee Replacement Surgery
When a person needs a knee replacement surgery, it is typically because they have lost the ability to perform even the simplest of tasks due to a stiff, painful knee joint. Like hip surgery, the procedure can be done traditionally or in a minimally invasive way, and involves general anesthesia, incisions and replacing the arthritic joint with an artificial replacement. The average hospital stay after a knee joint replacement surgery is three to five days, and a limited amount of time in physical therapy, the amount and severity of which is usually decided on a case-by-case basis. Fortunately, the recovery and improvement record of most knee replacement surgeries is very high, with many patients standing and moving as soon as the day after surgery, and walking comfortably without assistance typically by the sixth week after surgery.